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  • mansion88官网_中考必备干货之专项复习(六)形容词、副词专讲专练
    2020-01-11 12:00:38  阅读量:1339  
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    摘要: 请点击右上角蓝色“+关注”,关注英语周报头条号,及时接收精彩内容。 缩合连接副词(关联词):how, where, when, why等,可用来连接宾语从句。

    mansion88官网_中考必备干货之专项复习(六)形容词、副词专讲专练

    mansion88官网,请点击右上角蓝色“+关注”,关注英语周报头条号,及时接收精彩内容。

    最易念错的100个常用单词

    掌握“美式发音”技巧,一个句子就go了!

    1. 通过分析具体的语境来辨析形容词的词义。

    2. -ed形式和-ing形式的形容词意思不同。前者意为“感到……的”,后者意为“令人……的”。

    【考例链接】

    ( )1. —dad, i got hired as a bus driver.

    —congratulations! make yourself ______ so that the company won't want to lose you.

    a. fashionable b. valuable

    c. changeable d. possible

    (2016江苏扬州)

    ( )2. sam is ______ about his speech because he thinks he is well prepared.

    a. honest b. confident

    c. modest d. curious

    (2016江苏无锡)

    ( )3. —in chinese culture, children born in the year of the monkey are said to be smart.

    —yes. they are always full of energy, so i think they are also ______.

    a. honest b. generous

    c. lively d. modest

    (2016江苏镇江)

    ( )4. —are you free tonight?

    —sorry, but i’m not ______. i've got so much homework to do.

    a. busy b. comfortable c. available

    (2016山东菏泽)

    ( )5. the talent show is ______ the game show. i like both.

    a. as boring as

    b. not so bored as

    c. as interesting as

    d. not so interested as

    (2016山东青岛)

    考点二:副词辨析

    1. 通过分析具体的语境来辨析副词的词义。

    2. 按意义分类初中阶段需要掌握的几类副词:

    (1)时间副词:表示时间的有now, then, today, yesterday, tomorrow, before, ago, soon, immediately, late, early, finally, recently, already, yet等;表示频度的有always, often, usually, sometimes, seldom, never, hardly ever等。

    (2)地点副词: here, there, somewhere, anywhere, everywhere, outdoors, indoors, down, up, upstairs, downstairs, above, abroad, nearby, away, off, home等。

    (3)方式副词: carefully, easily, loudly, quickly, quietly等。

    (4)程度副词:badly, completely, enough, far, hardly, heavily, exactly, much, nearly, rather, so, too, quite, very等。

    2. 按功用分类需掌握的几类副词:

    (1) 句子副词:luckily, actually, traditionally等,通常修饰整个句子。

    (2) 连接副词:besides, however等,在句子和分句之间起连接作用。

    (3) 疑问副词:how, where, when, why, how long, how soon, how often, how far等,用来引导特殊疑问句。

    (4) 缩合连接副词(关联词):how, where, when, why等,可用来连接宾语从句。

    (5) 关系副词:when, where, why等,用来引导定语从句。

    【考例链接】

    ( )1. —has your sister finished reading ______?

    —yes. she has ______ finished it.

    a. yet; yet b. yet; already c. already; yet

    (2016四川巴中)

    ( )2. —do you know the famous basketball player kobe has said goodbye to the nba?

    —yes. i'm afraid i will ______ see him on screen.

    a. sometimes b. often

    c. always d. seldom

    (2016江苏镇江)

    ( )3. it is a world of flowers in spring in dongying. you can see flowers ______.

    a. here b. there

    c. somewhere d. everywhere

    (2015 山东东营)

    ( )4. the train travelled ______ fast for us to see much outside the window.

    a. quite b. very

    c. too d. so

    (2016辽宁沈阳)

    ( )5. —mom, can i do ______ much work in ______ a short time?

    —dear, i think you can.

    a. so; so b. such; so

    c. so; such d. such; such

    (2016贵州安顺)

    考点三:形容词、副词在句中的用法

    1. 形容词在句中主要用作定语、表语、宾语补足语(常与make, leave, keep等连用)。

    2. 系动词(如taste, feel, sound, look, smell)后多跟形容词作表语。

    3. 副词在句中主要用作状语、表语、宾语补足语。

    4. 副词修饰形容词或副词时,常放在被修饰词之前。注意:enough 修饰形容词或副词时,要放在被修饰词之后。

    【考例链接】

    ( )1. when you feel helpless and ______, just remember you are not ______ in the world because your friends are around you.

    a. alone; alone b. alone; lonely c. lonely; alone

    (2016四川自贡)

    ( )2. the coach thinks ______ of mary's sports talents, for she jumped very ______ at the sports meeting.

    a. high; high b. highly; highly

    c. high; highly d. highly; high

    (2016江苏常州)

    ( )3. although he listened to the old man ______, he could ______ understand his words.

    a. patiently; hardly b. patient; hard

    c. patiently; hard d. patient; hardly

    (2016新疆乌鲁木齐)

    ( )4. the soup tastes ______ because it's too salty. i put salt into it too ______ in a hurry.

    a. terribly; carefully b. terrible; carefully

    c. terrible; carelessly d. terribly; carelessly

    (2016青海西宁)

    ( )5. look out ! the food on the plate smells ______. you can't eat it.

    a. badly b. bad c. good

    (2016四川宜宾)

    考点四:形容词、副词的原级

    用于同级比较结构as ... as 及其否定形式not as / so ... as中。

    考点五:形容词、副词的比较级

    1. 表示两者(人或事物)的比较,常用“形容词 / 副词的比较级+ than”结构,than 后可以跟比较状语从句,也可以跟名词、代词等,如果为人称代词时,主格、宾格均可使用。

    2. 可用来修饰比较级的词语有much, far, even, a little, a bit, a lot等。

    3. "(单音节词或部分双音节词)比较级+ and + (单音节词或部分双音节词)比较级"这一结构表示“越来越……”;当部分双音节词或多音节词表示这一意义时,应用“more and more + 形容词 / 副词的原级”结构。

    4. "the +比较级( +其他), the +比较级(+其他)"结构表示“越……越……”。

    5. “比较级+ than any other+名词的单数形式”和“比较级+ than the other+名词的复数形式”表示最高级含义。

    6. 当比较范围为短语of the two时,比较级前要加the。

    7. not, never之类的否定词与比较级连用,表示最高级含义,意为“再没有比……更……的了”。

    考点六:形容词、副词的最高级

    1. 表示三者或三者以上(人或事物)的比较,其中有一个在某一方面超过其他几个,句中可用of / in /among 短语或定语从句等来说明比较的范围。

    2. 形容词的最高级前一般要加定冠词the,但如果其前有形容词性物主代词或名词所有格等修饰时,则不再用定冠词the;副词的最高级前可以加定冠词the,也可以省略。

    3. 形容词的最高级前可用second, third 等序数词修饰。

    4. 形容词的最高级常用于“one of + the +形容词的最高级+名词的复数形式”结构中,表示“最……之一”。

    【考例链接】

    ( )1. though betty and lily are twins, betty isn't so ______ as lily.

    a. more outgoing b. most outgoing c. outgoing

    (2016湖南郴州)

    ( )2. no mountain in the world is as ______ as qomolangma.

    a. high b. higher c. highest

    (2016湖南张家界)

    ( )3. he is a little ______ than you, but he is as ______ as you.

    a. thin; stronger b. thinner; stronger

    c. thinner; strong d. thin; strong

    (2016新疆维吾尔自治区 新疆生产建设兵团)

    ( )4. i hope my school life of senior high will be ______ than that of junior high.

    a. more exciting b. very exciting

    c. as exciting as d. the most exciting

    (2016吉林长春)

    ( )5. —this apple watch is expensive. do you have any ______ ones?

    —yes, madam. look, this one is ¥4188, and that one costs only¥2588.

    a. cheap b. cheaper

    c. cheapest d. the cheapest

    (2015 山东东营)

    (未完待续)

    中考必备干货之专项复习(一)名词专讲专练

    中考必备干货之专项复习(二)代词专讲专练

    中考必备干货之专项复习(三)冠词专讲专练

    中考必备干货之专项复习(三)介词专讲专练

    中考必备干货之专项复习(四)连词专讲专练

    中考必备干货之专项复习(五)数词专讲专练

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